The World is Getting Hotter

This is mainly due to the enormous amounts of coal, oil and natural gas that people burn. These fuels release a gas called carbon dioxide into the air. Carbon dioxide is called a greenhouse gas because it helps to trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Because greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere are rising fast, Earth is warming very quickly. When the Earth warms, it has many effects:

  • Animals which live in cold climates may not survive in a warmer world.
  • Tropical diseases spread by insects, such as malaria, may affect many more people.
  • Melting of the ice sheets on Greenland and parts of Antarctica, and melting glaciers. All this extra water is making the level of the sea rise. In the future, this will flood out a lot of people who live near sea level, especially in low-lying lands such as many Pacific Islands, the Netherlands, Vietnam, Thailand, Japan and Bangladesh, and parts of many other countries.
  • Shrinking sea ice, particularly in the Arctic, will affect animals such as bears and seals that rely on ice.
  • Wilder weather – worse storms, floods, droughts and heat waves.
  • Acid seas. When carbon dioxide dissolves in water it makes the water a bit acid. The oceans are already becoming more acid, and animals which have carbonate shells (such as many kinds of plankton, which are vital to the marine food chain) and shellfish (like oysters and mussels) can’t make proper shells if the water is too acid. They will not survive.

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The Story

The ice at the North Pole is melting and Vixen, the smallest reindeer, is afraid.

Santa’s toy workshop will soon fall into the sea, he has nowhere to go, and the elves who make the Christmas toys for him are threatening to leave.They’re terrified of an old enemy, but won’t say who it is, only that the dark is rising again.

Will this be the last Christmas?

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Books By Ian

The Desperate Dwarf
The Desperate Dwarf